Chinese Belamcanda is a perennial plant of the Iris family, reaching a height of up to 1.5 m. In landscape design, Belamcanda is used to decorate small edges, decorate ponds, looks beautiful in group plantings. In addition, the leopard lily is cultivated as a pot plant.
- Description of the species
- What is the beauty of a plant?
- Growing features
- The benefits and uses of the plant in traditional medicine
Description of the species
Leopard lily is a representative of the Iris family. Even an inexperienced grower can notice their similarities: xiphoid leaves, three-sector bolls, globular seeds of a brownish-black hue. A medium-sized plant has a superficial, branched root system.
Dark green leaves are elongated, from 40 cm long, 25 cm wide. A longitudinal threadlike vein runs in the middle of the leaf plate. Inflorescences on high peduncles proudly dignify the top of the plant.
The flowers have a very beautiful shape, they can be yellow or orange. Each flower has 6 petals. One plant can have up to 20 buds.
Due to the gradual blooming of the buds, the flowering is stretched for a long time. Only 3 flowers can be opened at the same time. Unblown buds are beautiful. Thanks to the twisted shape, they become like a cocoon or a snail.
A pronounced relief vein runs along the outer edge of the oval petal. The flowers can also be pale yellow, orange, purple and pink. Leopard lilies are children of the sun, as their petals are often covered with freckles, painted in a brown or burgundy color.
What is the beauty of a plant?
Since the homeland of the plant is warm countries, belamkanda belongs to heat-loving plants. In the southern regions of the country it can be grown as a perennial, in the northern regions it is cultivated as an annual plant. The exotic beauty begins to bloom in late May and flowering lasts a whole month. When grown in cold regions, this process may be displaced for a while.
It's a shame that the life of a beautiful belamcanda flower is very short. In this regard, the plant can be compared with indoor hibiscus - the flower does not live even for a day: it blooms in the morning, and withers in the evening. In the heart of the flower there are 3 stamens and 1 ovary.
The fruit is an elongated capsule that opens easily when touched. The fruit looks like a forest blackberry. Individual peas contain 1 seed each. The berries are inedible, so don't give in to the urge to taste them.
For good growth and development, belamcanda needs to choose an open, sunny area, with light, well-drained soil. It can be planted in partial shade, but this will noticeably affect the development of the plant and flowering.
He loves moisture, prefers moderate watering, since waterlogging of the soil leads to decay of the root system. Poor drainage prevents the soil from drying out, and during winter, excessive moisture has a detrimental effect on the plant. In order to protect the roots from decay, it is recommended to cover the plant with a waterproof material for the winter, even in countries with a warm climate.
Belamcanda Chinese can be grown in the room as a pot culture. Grooming is no different from caring for amaryllis. In the fall, it is required to reduce watering and provide the plant with a dormant period. During the entire growing season, it is necessary to apply complex mineral fertilizers at intervals of 2 weeks.
During flowering, the interval between fertilizing will have to be shortened: the plant should be fed every week. It responds well to soil mulching with humus. Perennial is not susceptible to pest infestation. Of the known diseases, leopard lily can be affected by root rot, this is facilitated by excessive soil moisture.
The plant is afraid of the cold. If the temperature drops below -15 ° C, the belamcanda will die. Recommended for cultivation in southern regions. In the northern regions, it is grown as an annual. Shelter belamkanda for the winter is carried out in accordance with certain climatic conditions in which the plant grows.
In regions with a warm climate, you can mulch the soil with peat and cover it with spruce branches on top. In areas with harsh winters, such a shelter will not save the plant. With the onset of cold weather, you will have to dig up the belamcanda, transplant it into a flower pot and store it in the room until spring. As soon as the soil warms up enough and there is no threat of recurrent frosts, the plant can be transplanted into a flower bed.
The benefits and uses of the plant in traditional medicine
Chinese Belamkanda is a medicinal plant. For treatment, not all parts are used, only the rhizome, which is dug out, cleaned of sand, washed and dried. A decoction from the rhizome of belmkanda has the following properties:
The broth is used for coughs and other colds, relieves sore throat. The effect of the root on the human body is still being studied. The aim of the research is to study the effects of belamcanda on prostate cancer. The broth has a diuretic and mild laxative effect.
Treatment with belamcanda should be carried out under the supervision of a doctor, since improper preparation of the decoction can lead to intoxication of the body. It is used to treat skin conditions, sprains and injuries, and as an antidote to snakebites. The benefits of rhizomes are the ability to remove all harmful substances from the body.
Chinese Belamkanda is also popularly called tiger lily, Chinese orchid, homemade iris. But unlike bearded irises, it will not attract the eye "a kilometer away", so a leopard lily, like an artistic miniature, needs to be planted in a special place so that you can stop and look at it thoughtfully.
Video about the Chinese Belamcanda flower: